Aspects of information technologies that help in improving learning skills
This article aims to discuss the aspects of information technologies that help in improving learning skills. Learning skills refer to the skills that help an individual to think, listen, articulate, process thoughts, read, write, and so on. Every individual needs to focus on their learning skills, whether they are of any field (Collins, Azmat, & Rentschler, 2019). This assignment will discuss the aspects of information technologies in terms of the nursing field. The assignment will also discuss some of the learning theories that will enhance the idea of learning more and more. However, the assignment will also include the role of health information technologies for quality services and the safety of the patients.
Information technologies refer to the use of networking, storage, infrastructure, physical devices, computer, storage, and processes that will help in processing, creating, securing, storing, and exchanging all kinds of data that is electronic (Sakurai & Murayama, 2019). Information technologies are basically helpful in telecommunications and computer technologies. With the growing years, the use of technologies has also increased, and so is the use of information technology. Some of the most useful information technologies are content management software, video conferencing equipment, personal computers, and performance management software. However, the use of information technology is apparent in every field of profession in present times.
In the healthcare field, during education, training, or practice, the use of information technologies is helpful. One of the most important and commonly used information technologies is cloud computing that helps in storing all kinds of data (Abdulhakovna & Gulomovna, 2020). However, information technology also helps others in autonomous learning, which makes learners more capable of critical thinking and active learning. The internet is also one of the major examples of information technologies that helps the population of all nations in many ways. However, some other areas where information technology plays a vital role are management of different departments, online activities, social networking, education system, online money transactions, decision-making, implementing innovations, and others.
Role of information technologies in healthcare
Information technologies, as discussed earlier, play a vital role in the improvement and development of different sectors. In the present world, after the spread of coronavirus, it has been noticed that various aspects of the healthcare system have shifted their services to digitalized systems (Javaid et al. 2020). Information technology-supported most businesses and medical practices. However, the most important thing innovated and implemented by them with the usage of their learning skills to shift to online services was internet connectivity with 4G and 5G networks. Apart from that, information technology also helps in storing the data of each patient record for the long term without any error.
The healthcare industry has implemented information technologies for various reasons. Firstly, IT helps the medical practice to look for appropriate and accurate information that can assist in personalizing the healthcare service or need. Secondly, it also helps the various healthcare professionals to find important and significant data of the patient and also his/her medical history, earlier treatments, and diagnosis. Access to all these data will help in making a proper treatment plan that will help the patient to cure faster (Aceto, Persico, & Pescapé, 2018). Thirdly, information technology also helps in making faster decisions. The physicians, surgeons, or nurses will be able to make fast decisions at times of risks related to the patient's health. Apart from these, information technologies have also updated billing procedures, insurance verification, and appointment scheduling much easier.
Day by day, the use of information technologies needs to increase in healthcare sectors. Custom-built software shall be implemented that will help the nurses and other staff to easily access the data and personal information of the patient while treating or serving them. With the information technology, the patient does not have to enter his details numerous times whenever he/she visits the hospital. It also helps in saving the time of professionals as well as the patients. The healthcare industry also needs to maintain the confidentiality of the personal information of the patient and ensure everyone their safe and legal usage of technology (Aceto, Persico, & Pescapé, 2020). Technology has been an important element during the time of the pandemic. In the covid-era as well, the information technology role in healthcare sectors has many advantages. It will help in furnishing explicit and accurate information about the patient. It will help in the creation of customized treatment plans and care. It will also assist in fast and improved communications among the healthcare professionals and also with their patients. It will help in maintaining the safe and clear records of individuals. The central database will assist others to easily access the patient's information. The costs and time will also be saved.
Apart from these, telemedicine is also one of the aspects that have evolved with digital practice. Telemedicine allows healthcare professionals to use telecommunications technology to find, diagnose, and treat patients (Calton, Abedini, & Fratkin, 2020). E-medicine and telehealth are other terms for the same thing. Patients can consult with doctors without having to visit them in person with this system. They make contact with the specialists from the comfort of their own homes. Exams and consultations are also part of this system. The test entails downloading any program or dialling a telemedicine number provided by a primary care physician's office for the purpose of improving health. However, it can be said that digital technology will help in the treatment of the patient at an integrated level to all the patients and specifically to the patients who are at risk and need urgent treatments.
Role of information technologies in the field of education
Information technology has shaped the education for students to gain education from wherever they want. It also helps in promoting various opportunities for the students. However, accurate and right teaching is necessary for the learners to acquire effective learning. Technology helps a lot in the field of education. Firstly, it helps the students as well as the teacher to gather the right information and analyze it (Fritsch & Wyrwich, 2019). Secondly, it helps to create new ideas and transmit the information accurately after evaluation. In the field of education, it is helpful in making the students enhance their critical literacy and critical thinking skills. It is very helpful in the collaboration of students with the teachers (Mancini, Lombardi, & Tavana, 2021). Technology helps modify the lessons as per the learning skills of the students.
Apart from it, information technology is also helpful in benefitting the students with autonomous learning. Every discipline of education encourages autonomous learning. However, autonomy refers to the decision taken by oneself for specific things. Autonomous learning refers to the learning where an individual takes all his decisions on his own related to his learning. Information technology is very helpful in autonomous learning as it provides all sorts of information related to the course (Angelov, Gu, & Principe, 2017). However, an autonomous learner remains self-aware, skilled in seeking, motivated, flexible. Disciplined, creative, interdependent, persistent, and so on. Many of the skills of the students are also enhanced. The instructor, while acquiring this learning, is not a teacher but a facilitator. The learning environment is more flexible with the usage of information technology. The flexible learning environment is very important in learning anything in an easier way can be evidenced with one of the social learning theories.
Constructivist learning theory states that learning is an active process. When knowledge regarding anything is acquired in a contextualized process, it is more helpful (Fernando & Marikar, 2017). Knowledge can be gained in an enhanced way with constructed experiences and familiar environments. An individual can learn by seeing, feeling, thinking, and hearing. The usage of information technology is helpful in learning with all four learning styles. Technology has the power to make learning innovative teaching.
In the field of nursing education as well, information technologies play a vital role. It helps in online education, simulated learning, mobile technology, and so on. As discussed, online education or autonomous learning offers programs that are flexible in nursing education and attain a degree (Singh & Masango, 2020). Different software is used to deliver the teaching content, handle the registrations of the courses, reporting, and track the whole course. The nursing programs are easily accessible with different systems that offer various benefits and features. Simulated learning is also helpful in delivering the nursing students the vital symptoms and signs. It also provides a secure environment for them to think properly and make decisions. In short, it is helpful for nurses to make critical decisions.
The healthcare sector has implemented most of the services that include the usage of information technology. The nurses, during their course of learning, shall also be taught to practice efficiently. They shall also be taught the advantages as well as the disadvantages of excess usages of information technology. If they are not taught these aspects properly, then later during the practice, it may create difficulties. The knowledge regarding mobile technology shall also be taught to the nurse as it will help in better staff coordination, easier access to EHR, and enhanced communications with patients (Alves et al. 2020). Mobile technology helps nurses access the references of the medicines, medical textbooks, and diagnosis records of the patients. In short, it can be said that information technology is very helpful in the field of education.
Role of information technologies during nursing training
Information technologies are also as useful in nursing training as in nursing education. The technologies or informatics are helpful for nurses in training and experiences, gaining knowledge on primary functions and technological applications, career development, and in the identification of appropriate work environments. During the training, the nurses are also taught for registering health information, medical coding and billing, and health informatics (Singh & Masango, 2020). The nurses are also trained for chronic care, personalized health care, consumer empowerment, electronic health records regarding confidentiality, quality, the connection between clinical care and population health, and privacy and security. The telemedicine technologies, PHC services improve epidemiological surveillance, better pregnancy management, material n morbidity, and increased efficiency during service care.
Nursing training includes information technology in the form of online training, simulated learning, mobile technology, and so on. The knowledge on different software will be delivered on handling the registrations of the courses, reporting, and tracking the whole course. The nursing training will also include simulated training that will help them in the identification of vital symptoms and signs. The training will also include the identification of mobile technologies. Apart from these informatics, the nurses are also trained in soft skills. They are trained on making good relationships with the patient and providing them immense care (Alves et al. 2020). They are also trained for enhancing their communication and patience skills. The nurses are also trained to use the technological devices used to treat patients in different wards. Most importantly, they are trained to provide immense love and care to the patients. On the basis of their good training, they are appointed to practice in the healthcare sector. Nurses are hired on an emergency basis, and hospitals are unable to provide enough training and documentation outlining their roles in the company. Nurses frequently make mistakes as a result of a lack of training and information, which can negatively damage their image and professionalism.