Top 10 National Parks Destinations in India
National parks of India are treasure for natural lovers. It contains the wide range of geographical and climate diversity. In India you can experience Himalaya mountain range to lush green rainforest of the western ghat, thar desert to 4600 miles coastline. 22% land of India comes under the forest land and 10% of world species lives there.
Jim Corbett National Park is the India first national park established in 1936.
There was only five national park in india till 1970.But during the wild life census in 1971, it was discovered that only 1800 tigers are left in india. To save the national animal of India, Project tiger and Wildlife Protection Act was created in 1973. This helps to increase the population of tiger in India.
As of now 103 National park and 50 tiger reserves are in India. It helps to preserve and protect the biodiversity.
01. Kanha National Park: It is the largest national park of India located in central india with a core zone of 363 square miles. Apart from 105 Royal Bengal Tigers you can sight leopards,sloth bears , sambhar and barasingha deer. Breeding program for Barasingha play an important role to save them from extinction.
02.Bandhavgarh National Park: The ruins of an ancient fort makes it a perfect backdrop to this park with a core of 40 sq miles and 154 sq miles as buffer area. It is one of the best places to spot the Big cats. It is located among the Vindhya mountain range in Madhya Pradesh. Bandhavgarh known for the highest densities of Bengal Tigers in the world. Apart from tigers 36 other mammals including leopards, chital , nilgai and more than 150 species birds can be found there.
03. Kaziranga National Park: It is one the finest inhabit for wild animals. Located in northeast state of Assam. It has the largest population of famous one horned rhinos. Park is spread over natural wet grassland, swamps, and pool in the Brahmaputra valley floodplain. According to the UNESCO natural heritage list for india, Kaziranga has a great conservation story. In 1903 they were on the brink of extinction and only 12 one horned rhino were there in the region which is now more than 1800.
04. Nagarhole National Park : Nagarhole was used to a hunting ground for the Maharaja of Mysore and was declared a tiger reserve in 1999. Nagarhole is located in Karnataka state and bounded by Kabini and part of Nilgiri rivers.
This region is the largest home of the herbivores. Apart from elephants, tigers, leopards, sloth bears can also be found in this region. Pleasant temperature around the year makes Nagarhole a true nature lover paradise.
05. Ranthambore National Park: Like Bandavgarh reserve ranthambore is used to be hunting ground for the Royal Family of Jaipur. This reserve contains a living temple and three lakes. It is spread over in area of 502 sq miles with the home of more than 70 tigers. It is good place to sight tigers as well caracal,golden jackal , honey badger, striped hyena and pangolin.
06. Periyar National Park: Periyar is a national tiger reserve and sanctuary located in western ghat of kerala. It is one of the popular parks in South India. Periyar is full of bio diversity. It has significant population of wild elephants, Macaques, Sambhar dear and Bengal tigers. Periyar is unique in that if offers boating safari as well as walking and jeep safari. This sanctuary is known for its thick and tropical forest.
07. Gir National Park : Located in the western state of Gujarat. It is the only natural habitat for the Asiatic lions. In fact outside Africa Gir is the only place where you can sight them roaming freely. 1913 there was only 13 lions in the Gir , whereas after intervention of Royal family of Junagarh and forest department they are now more than 523. This Park is home for leopard , sambhar and chowsingha -Worlds only four horned antelope.
08. Sunderbans National Park: Formed by delta of Ganga river and Bhramputra river in Bay of Bengal. It is world largest mangrove forest and one of the most biological productive ecosystems. Spreading over 513 sq miles, Sundebans national park situated within UNESCO Biosphere reserve and Sunderbans reserve. Apart from Bengal tiger many rare and and endangered species can been seen there like Gangatic Dolphin , Olive ridley turtle and king kobra.
09. Jim Corbett National Park : This is one of the oldest and popular national park of india. Located in Uttrakhand and has the home for more than 200 Royal Bengal tigers. It is great place of birding with 650 species of birds and migratory birds. It is the only national parks which allow staying in core zone in the night.
10. Nada Devi Biosphere & Valley of flowers National Park:
Nanda Devi Biosphere and flower national park situated in the mountain range of Himalayas. This site listed as a UNESCO Natural Heritage Site. It is rich in biodiversity. Both parks contain significant population of endangered species including snow leopard and Himalayan musk deer.
Top 25 National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in India
- Ranthambore National Park, Rajasthan (Tiger Reserve)
- Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand
- Bandipur National Park, Karnataka (Tiger Reserve)
- Nagarhole National Park, Karnataka
- Keoladeo Ghana National Park – Bharatpur, Rajasthan
- Sariska National Park, Rajasthan (Tiger Reserve)
- Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary, Karnataka
- Kaziranga National Park, Assam
- Kanha National Park, Madhya Pradesh
- Bandhavgarh National Park, Madhya Pradesh
- Sundarbans National Park, Bengal
- Periyar National Park, Kerala
- Gir National Park and Sasan Gir Sanctuary, Gujarat
- Pench National Park, Madhya Pradesh (UP)
- Dudhwa National Park, Uttar Pradesh (UP)
- Manas National Park, Assam
- Panna National Park, Madhya Pradesh
- Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve, Maharashtra
- The Great Himalayan National Park, Himachal Pradesh
- Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala
- Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary, Karnataka
- Silent Valley National Park, Kerala
- Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary, Goa
- Rajaji National Park, Uttarakhand
- Hemis National Park, Jammu and Kashmir